Marijuana could put users at risk for addiction, researchers find

Contrary to the belief that marijuana is a “safe drug,” a researcher at FIU’s Center for Children and Families has found that the use of this drug actually has long-term effects on the brain.

A recent study suggests participants who smoked more marijuana had less activity in the brain in response to reward compared to those that reported less use. This means that individuals who commonly smoke marijuana are likely to seek out drugs more frequently to counteract their weaker response to natural rewards from daily life.

The brain’s reward center controls and regulates a person’s ability to feel pleasure. Feeling pleasure motivates us to repeat behaviors that are critical to our existence.

shutterstock_340384811_2“We are all born with an innate drive to engage in behaviors that feel rewarding and give us pleasure,” said FIU Psychologist  Elisa Trucco, one of the authors of the study . “We now have convincing evidence that regular marijuana use impacts the brain’s natural response to these rewards. In the long run, this increase in more compulsive marijuana use is likely to put these individuals at risk for addiction.”

Currently, recreational marijuana use is legal in four states and 23 states support medical marijuana use. At least 11 more states are likely to legalize recreational marijuana use in the near future with a growing misconception that marijuana has no long-term impact on the brain. Participants in the longitudinal study included 108 20-year-olds that were asked several questions regarding their marijuana use and their brains were scanned using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at approximately two-year intervals. While in the scanner, participants played a game that asked them to click a button at the moment they saw a target appear on a screen in front of them. Before each round, they were told they might win 20 cents or $5, that they might lose that amount, or have no reward or loss.

Non-marijuana users showed lots of activity in the part of the brain that responds to rewards at the thought that they may win some money. But for marijuana users, the response was blunted which researchers say may actually open them to more risk of becoming addicted to that drug or others.

“What we saw was that over time, marijuana use was associated with a lower response to a monetary reward,” said lead author and University of Michigan Neuroscientist Mary Heitzeg. “This means that something that would be rewarding to most people was no longer rewarding to them, suggesting but not proving that their reward system has been ‘hijacked’ by the drug, and that they need the drug to feel reward — or that their emotional response has been dampened.”

The findings were published in the Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry. The study was conducted in collaboration with researchers from the University of Michigan and funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) including the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

Trucco is among the neuroscientists and psychologists leading a NIH landmark study on Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development. That study will track thousands of today’s pre-teens — including marijuana users — nationwide over 10 years, looking at many aspects of their health and functioning, including brain development via brain scans, providing a better picture of what happens to users over time.

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10 Comments on "Marijuana could put users at risk for addiction, researchers find"

  1. Wow, sounds like pot is really bad for people. Thank goodness it’s illegal and no one can get it.

    When are people going to wise up to the fact that marijuana is already cheap on a per use basis and super easy to obtain everywhere in this country and that our laws aren’t stopping a darned thing? Want to have some control over this massive multi-billion dollar industry? Regulate it then. Stop pretending like the ban does any good. It doesn’t stop a thing.

  2. Legalize Marijuana – STOP the Republican alcoholic drug addicts on Ambien and Oxycontin..!

  3. Republicans smoke pot too! Trump will legalize it at the national level.

  4. Chaz Reinhold | July 12, 2016 at 6:58 pm | Reply

    So I guess pot users are not money hungry like ‘the man’ says we should be. One of the worst studies ever.

  5. barry Edelson | July 12, 2016 at 9:25 pm | Reply

    Amazing how one can make anything sound like anything and interpret a statistic how they want it to be taken.
    Is it possible that some marijuana users discovered that an extra $5 isn’t such a big deal and lots of things are more important than money?
    Is it possible that they are more relaxed and less hyper and on edge?
    Is it possible that EVERYTHING is potentially addictive ?
    Is it possible that 420 is the least addictive, dangerous and least damaging of all items ingested for pleasure.
    Is it possible that incarcerating some one for 420 does far more damage than 420 could possibly do?
    Amazing how this community newspaper tries to post sensationalized, biased dribble like this instead of an honest discussion about the insanity of Weed being illegal.

    • Kelly Fernandes | July 13, 2016 at 4:26 pm | Reply

      AGREE! So because someone who smokes marijuana isn’t motivated by money, they’re an addict. I’m guessing this is the same sort of science the FDA subscribes too. Very misleading title, when you actually read the article. But apparently, that’s “journalism” these days… unsubscribing now to this publication…

  6. Oh boi…here comes the lobby!

  7. Maybe the people who smoke are not excited and 20 cents or 5 dollars. Smoking weed is still better than alcohol but people keep trying to find ways to stop what’s already happening.m “legalization ! It’s like everything one day drinking coffee is bad the next it’s not.

  8. Kelly Fernandes | July 13, 2016 at 4:29 pm | Reply

    Maybe the title should specify that this study is solely related to adolescents. I suspect you would reach the same conclusion with respect to many substances in relation to children/pre-teens/teenagers. Rather misleading…

  9. It’s always easy to determine who the marijuana smokers are. Vigorously defending their coveted habit. An unnecessary behavior as humans are wired to experience pleasure naturally without the need to ingest foreign chemicals. I have no need for it and have always found the logic amusing… “It won’t kill you via overdose, so I guess it’s ok.” Never mind all the other harmful effects. Legalization surely may be on it’s way, but legal has never meant safe. Alcohol is a perfect example as one of the nations’ leading causes of death annually. The decision to legalize should not be reduced solely to the potential monetary incentives that are related to it’s taxation, regulation, etc. The anecdotal experience of pro-pot smokers will not sway me. I’ll rely on the evidence. Thank you.

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